Sunday, June 15, 2014

Ten major Dam reservoirs of India- safety storage of India


 This article mentions the names of the dams in the water resources map of India.

These are the major dams which form the reservoirs that are the major water resources of India.

  1. Bhakra Dam - in Himachal Pradesh

It forms the third largest reservoir named as Gobind Sagar, with a storage capacity of 9.34 km^3. With an height of 226m, Bhakra dam is the highest vertical concrete gravity dam in Asia. 

clicked on the way to Naina Devi of Bilaspur. (source: wikipedia)

It is constructed just on the border of Himachal and Punjab, on the Sutlej river in the Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh.

 2. Tehri Dam  in Uttarakhand

Tehri Reservoir on 1st March 2008.

civil engineering students from NIT Hamirpur, on an industrial visit to Tehri dam on 1st march 2008 .. with CP Sir.

 With a height of 261m i
ts the highest dam in India. It's an rock and earth fill dam, constructed on the Bhagirathi river near Tehri in Uttarakhand. Reservoir has a capacity of 4.0 Km^3.

3. Sardar Sarovar (Gujrat)

With an installed reservoir capacity of 9.5 Km^3, it is one of the largest reservoir.

Sardar Sarovar dam, undergoing height extension in 2006 (source wikipedia)

Length of the dam is 1.21 Km, while the height is 128 m and growing. 

4. Rihand Dam (Uttar Pradesh)

Witha a length of 934 m and a height of 91 m, this dam create one of the biggest reservoirs with total impounding capacity of 10.6 km^3.
Jawahar Lal Nehru at Rihand Dam (source; wiki)

But due to the siltation problem, mostly the alkaline ash from the nearby many thermal power plants, it has only 8.9 km^3 as its active capacity. The dam is constructed on the Rihand river in the Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh. 

5. Indira Sagar Dam (madhya Pradesh)

Constructed on river Narmada, and with a capacity of 12.22 Km^3, it creates the largest reservoir in India.

6. Hirakud Dam (Orissa)

It is the longest dam in the world with a composite length of 25.8 km. Main dam is a concrete dam of 4.8 km while the dykes of 21 km makes the total length. It has the largest artificial lake in the India.
It was constructed to control the wild floods on the river Mahanadi.

7. Nagarjuna Sagar (Aandhra Pradesh)

8. Mullaperiyar Dam( Kerala)

9. Tunga-Bhadra Dam (Karnataka)

10. Sholayar Dam (Tamilnadu)

I have the dream of visiting the other dams too. How many of them have you visited? 

Please leave a comment.

thank you :)